Infinite random planar maps related to Cauchy processes


We study the geometry of infinite random Boltzmann planar maps having weight of polynomial decay of order $k-2$ for each vertex of degree $k$. These correspond to the dual of the discrete “stable maps” of Le Gall and Miermont (Scaling limits of random planar maps with large faces, Ann. Probab. 39, 1 (2011), 1-69) studied in (Budd & Curien, Geometry of infinite planar maps with high degrees, Electron. J. Probab. (to appear)) related to a symmetric Cauchy process, or alternatively to the maps obtained after taking the gasket of a critical $O(2)$-loop model on a random planar map. We show that these maps have a striking and uncommon geometry. In particular we prove that the volume of the ball of radius $r$ for the graph distance has an intermediate rate of growth and scales as $e^{\sqrt{r}}$. We also perform first passage percolation with exponential edge-weights and show that the volume growth for the fpp-distance scales as $e^r$. Finally we consider site percolation on these lattices: although percolation occurs only at $p=1$, we identify a phase transition at $p=1 /2$ for the length of interfaces. On the way we also prove new estimates on random walks attracted to an asymmetric Cauchy process.

Journal de l’École Polytechnique - Mathématiques, 5 (2018), p. 749-791


  1. Bertoin, Jean, et al. “Martingales in self-similar growth-fragmentations and their connections with random planar maps.” Probability Theory and Related Fields (2017): 1-62.
  2. Berger, Quentin. “Notes on random walks in the Cauchy domain of attraction.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1706.07924 (2017).
  3. Budd, Timothy. “The peeling process on random planar maps coupled to an O (n) loop model (with an appendix by Linxiao Chen).” arXiv preprint arXiv:1809.02012 (2018).
  4. Curien, N. and Marzouk, C., “Markovian explorations of random planar maps are roundish”, arXiv preprint arXiv:1902.10624 (2019).
  5. Budd, Timothy, and Curien, Nicolas. “Simple peeling of planar maps with application to site percolation.” arXiv preprint arXiv:1909.10217 (2019).
  6. Matthis Lehmkuehler. “The trunks of CLE(4) explorations.” arXiv preprint arXiv:2107.05310 (2021).
  7. Juhan Aru, Nina Holden, Ellen Powell, Xin Sun. “Mating of trees for critical Liouville quantum gravity.” arXiv preprint arXiv:2109.00275 (2021).
  8. Aleksandra Korzhenkova. “The exploration process of critical Boltzmann planar maps decorated by a triangular O(n) loop model.” arXiv preprint arXiv:2112.11576 (2021).